The theory of transformational leadership consists of someone that has taken control of a situation with a clear vision of the group’s goals through their actions. They inspire their followers to adopt their energy, enthusiasm and passion.
Cherry (2013) examined Burns’ views on transformational leadership, ‘of being leaders and followers that make each other,’ challenging each other to advance to a higher level of morality and motivation through the strength of their vision and personality. As a result, transformational leaders are able to inspire followers to change expectations, perceptions, and motivations and work towards common goals.
Although Bass later challenged this concept, suggesting that transformation leadership consisted of four different components.
These consisted of: –
- Intellectual stimulation – transformational leaders recognizing and encouraging creativity. Therefore inspiring followers to explore new ways of actions through reflection, providing new opportunities to learn.
- Individualized consideration – through freedom and support and encouragement, individuals openly communicate giving them an opportunity to share ideas, providing an opportunity for the leader to offer direct recognition to the contributing individual.
- Inspirational motivation – an inspirational leader is able to influence his followers to experience the same passion and motivation to fulfill the set goals.
- Idealized influence – being recognized as the role model for followers, because followers trust and respect leaders.
This transformational theory can be associated with President Snow, who tries to control the Districts when the people revolt. Katniss can also be related to this theory for example when she was put in the position of fighting for her District. She used her strength of vision and her personality to inspire her people to look forward to the future, though only choose to confide with close friends about an uprising.