There are many different leadership styles, and each individual has their own style of being a leader, some may have more than one approach to being a leader. ‘The differences between leadership styles are focused upon the leaders attitude towards the people they are leading (Rayner; Adam-Smith 2005:56). The styles in which a leader leads focuses on ‘the relative power the manager holds towards the non-leaders in the decision-making’ (Rayner; Adam-Smith 2005:56).
Some leaders develop the ‘Servant leadership’ style, this is when regardless of the level they hold of leadership, they aim to lead their followers meeting all the aims of the group. This leadership style is used with integrity and generosity, and they achieve their power through the values, ideas and ethics they hold (Mindtools, 2014). A principle of servant leadership is empathy; not rejecting people, or their behaviour or performance (MindTools, 2014) – as the aim of Hunger Games is to become the one survivor, for example Katniss shows empathy as she refuses to kill Peter, even when he is vulnerable and an easy target.
‘Autocratic leadership’ is another style that is seen throughout the film. Autocratic can also be known as authoritarian leadership (Cherry, 2014). This leader has minimal consultation with the people they are leading they the leaders hold all the power. ‘This style connects with McGregor theory x approach and observes a formal system of rewards and penalties ’ (Riley J 2012). This style of leadership is having individual control over all decisions, taking little consideration to the input people have to offer – autocratic leaders very rarely take advice from followers (Cherry, 2014). President Snow can be seen as an Autocratic leader as he is the owner of the Hunger Games, and all decisions are made by him. Being an Autocratic leader involves control over a group- Present Snow has control over the game, and all districts involved. He makes up the rules involved within the game, and can change or add new rules when he decides. From the leadership Katniss portrays within the film, by sticking by her fellow team member, he changes the rules of the game to make it a two winner game. Although this leadership style can make people dislike President Snow as most decisions are made without consultation, it does allow the members within the game to do tasks without making complex decisions- although individuals within the game have to kill each other as the aim to win the game, they don’t have make complicated decisions and think beyond the task, all they have to do is survive.
‘Transformational Leadership’ involves leading with integrity, intelligence, self-awareness, empathy, and being able to communicate well and motivate people. This style of leadership offers support to individual followers, encouraging them to succeed (MindTools, 2014). Within the film, Haymitch portrays this leadership style as he supports Katniss and Peeta through their training, offering guidance and his intelligence about the game as he is a victor of the game himself. Haymitch may not come across as a leader to everyone within the film, but to Katniss and Peeta he is as he is able to empathise on their current situation and help them get through the game. A component of Transformational leadership is individualised consideration- encouraging individual followers to meet their needs, and offering their support (MindTools, 2014). Haymitch shows these traits in the film, even though he comes across as being hard on them; he encourages them to push themselves to do their best throughout the game.
Paternalistic leadership is where ‘the leader decides what is best for the people under him/her’. (Mind Tools 2014) The leader is seen as a ‘parent figure and explains the reason why he/she takes certain actions’ (Riley J 2012). This is seen as a softer form of the authoritarian style.
Democratic leadership is ‘ the focus of power as a group as a whole’ (Mind Tools 2014) the emphasis is on delegation and consultation but the leader has the final say. This is the most common style used amongst leaders due to its ‘positive emotional connections of acting demographically’ (Riley J 2012).
Laissee Faire Leadership
Within the Laissee faire style of leadership, meaning ‘to leave alone’ (Riley J 2012), the leader has little input into day-to-day decision making. This style can be ‘criticised for resulting in poor role definition of manager’s but this style can be effective when staff are ready and willing to take on responsibility, they have motivation and can be trusted to do their jobs’ (Riley J 2012).