Leadership Styles

The-Hunger-Games-image-the-hunger-games-36142767-1200-900Coercive Leadership

Coercive leadership is one person driving the team forward and the only way the team can drive forward is by listening to the coercive leader and following all tasks this person has set out and willing to aim towards. Goleman (2002) expresses ‘the coercive leader is the most aggressive style of leadership, and therefore expects everybody in the group to comply with their orders and ‘do it their way’, it is also suggesting this person dictates and orders members of the group to accomplish tasks’. Dugan (2013) is suggesting ‘the essence of coercive power is those feeling threatened when not exceeding to the leaders demands’. For example, President Snow shows this towards the end of the film when Seneca has not succeeded in his task and Seneca has no other option but to face the consequences.

Charismatic Leadership

For someone to be a charismatic leader, it takes an individuals presence, personality, goals and inspiration to become a leader. Many charismatic leaders are those who inspire others to do better or believe change can be made and for the team or followers to believe them, but they often only focus on themself. Mindtools (2014) says ‘charismatic leadership inspires their team members as well as individuals and these type of leader often focus of themselves and their ambitions’. Once Katniss entered the hunger games her main ambition and goal was keeping herself alive so she could go back home but at the end of The Hunger Games Katniss had shown the districts inspiration and a chance of rebellion from her actions within the games. Many people watching the games were encouraged by her and many enjoyed her charisma and seen her as an inspiration. Antonakis & Fenley & Liechti (2012) suggests ‘charisma is rooted in values and feelings, so to communicate them both a clear, inspirational and visional message should be made to inspire and motivate an audience’. This is proven because as the games carry on Katniss sends a clear message to all districts of rebellion, this is very inspirational for all districts because they want change and they see this as motivation and an opportunity.


Pacesetting Leadership

This example of leadership requires someone with high quality of work and expects the same from other members of team so when currently aiming towards a task the pacesetter will expect members of team to keep up and if they cannot the pacesetter will not delegate task to them. Truby achievements (unknown date) ‘the pacesetter expects highest quality of work and this works if all team members are highly motivated, this type of leadership works best in a fast paced and competitive environment’. During The Hunger Games Seneca is head game maker and therefore has to be fast with deciding on delegating certain tasks to certain team members, too make sure the game is competitive for those taking part in hunger games and to make it competitive he has to make sure it is best quality. Seneca has to make sure he has the highest quality of work as he is the head game maker and he has to make split decisions on how to make it more interesting for the viewers as well as those taking part in the games, so members of Seneca’s team have to keep up and keep their quality of work high otherwise Seneca will do it himself. Eventually he has to do this at the end of the game because his quick decisions had a negative impact. Zervas & Lassiter (2007) says ‘the pacesetter is someone who seeks being in the limelight as their core goal, and this leadership is achieved through who that person is and what they can do’. Seneca’s leadership role is only achieved because of what title he is working under which is ‘the head game maker’. Therefore what decisions he makes during the games will only seek him into the limelight, making himself known to others, leading them to want to follow him due to the important of his role. 

Film The Hunger Games

Affiliative Leadership

To be a strong Affiliative leader the person has to bring other members of the team together and make them feel as if they belong and to make sure every member bonds with each other. This will make individuals feel as though they have a sense of belonging, and begin to trust one another. Benincasa (2012) suggests ‘creating emotional bonds make individuals feel as they have a sense of belonging to the team, and this works best when people are stressful and when people need to build trust’. Haymitch does this with Katniss and Peeta as they hardly know each other and Haymitch makes them work together to stay alive, he makes them feel safe and both Katniss and Peeta both build trust with Haymitch and with each other. Haymitch tells them they are both a part of Panem now they have entered the hunger games, therefore they will feel a sense of belonging. Peeta also shows he has this form of leadership because whilst in the hunger games he makes Katniss feel safe when they are together, and he makes Katniss trust him. Even though they are both stressed during the games, Katniss and Peeta both feel a sense of belonging with each other and this creates a stronger bond then when they started. Bean-mellinger (2014) ‘affiliative leaders tend to emphasise of team members for good team morale and to make them feel good’. Peeta emphasises on Katniss due to him falling in love with her and Haymitch tends to do this with both of them, especially in training and Haymitch did this so they both felt high in spirit and positive to what is about to happen.


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